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Health systems are designed to support children and youth with special health care needs (CYSHCN) but do not often consider the health and well-being of their family. Despite a growing body of literature, substantial gaps remain in understanding the impact of caregiving on family health and well-being and the provision of supports for families. This article describes the current state of research on the health of families of CYSHCN and provides recommendations for future investigation. The authors highlight three primary areas of investigation: 

  1. How can we measure and improve family strength and adaptation when caring for children and youth with special health care needs?  
  2. How can we help families with mental health needs?  
  3. How does a family’s health affect the health of their child or children with special health care needs?  

The authors recommend focusing on resiliency and adaptability as outcomes, using implementation science to address mental health concerns of family members, and to further assess the impact of family health on health outcomes of CYSHCN. In addition, research should have a special focus on populations of families from all backgrounds and consider these questions in the context of a variety of family structures.

This article is part of a supplement to Academic Pediatrics that outlines a national health systems research agenda for CYSHCN. Learn more about the supplement and access all the articles.

Related Grants

Drawn from a scan of all 50 U.S. states, this brief published by the National Academy for State Health Policy highlights strategies designed to address inequities in accessing pediatric specialty care and support equitable systems of care for CYSHCN.

The Children's Specialty Care Coalition hosted a virtual legislative briefing on the recently released commissioned report by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine titled, "The Future Pediatric Subspecialty Physician Workforce: Meeting the Needs of Infants, Children, and Adolescents."